Microéconométrie du développement

Ects : 3

Enseignant responsable :

  • PHILIPPE DE VREYER

Volume horaire : 21

Description du contenu de l'enseignement :
Beyond the obvious differences in standard of living, what distinguishes low developed countries (LDCs) from developed countries is the functioning of markets, which are more frequently failing in LDCs. Taking this into account is of primary importance to understand the behavior of households in developing countries and to design policies able to successfully fight against poverty. The course studies these issues both theoretically and empirically by addressing several topics in which they are relevant.
The course will start with a general introduction on development microeconomics. We will then address the following issues: Market failures in developing countries, with first insights using the agricultural household model as an example; Credit and insurance markets failures, with implications on household behaviour, inequalities and adoption of innovations; Intrahousehold decision making and inequalities; Fertility, education, poverty and child labour; Migration and remittances.

Pré-requis recommandés :
A good understanding of basic microeconomics and econometric methods is preferable.
Coefficient : 3
Compétence à acquérir :
After attending the classes, students will have a solid understanding of the main market failures in developing countries and how they shape the households’ behaviors. A careful reading of academic papers on these subjects will give them the most up-to-date research on these issues, and the appropriate tools to understand the policy implications.
Mode de contrôle des connaissances :
Ecrit
Bibliographie, lectures recommandées
Main references

Azam et Gubert (2002), Those in Kayes. The Impact of Remittances on Their Recipients in Africa, Revue Economique, 56(6), 2005, pp.1331-1358.
Banerjee and Newman (1993), Occupational Choice and the Process of Development, Journal of Political Economy
Basu and Van (1998), The economics of child labor, American Economic Review, vol88, pp412-427.
Becker G. (1962), Irrational Behavior and Economic Theory, Journal of Political Economy.
Becker and Lewis (1973), On the interaction between the quantity and quality of children, Journal of Political Economy, vol81, ppS279-S288
Beine, Docquier and Rapoport (2001), Brain Drain and Economic growth - Theory and Evidence, Journal of Development Economics, vol64, pp275-289
Besley (1995) Nonmarket institutions for credit and risk sharing in low-income countries, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9 (3), 115-127
Besley, Coate and Loury (1993) The Economics of Rotating Savings and Credit Associations, American Economic Review, vol.83, n°4, pp. 792-811
Boltz, Marazyan and Villar (2019), Income hiding and informal redistribution: A lab-in-the-field experiment in Senegal, Journal of Development Economics
Chiappori and Donni (2011) Non-unitary models of household behavior: a survey, in: A. Molina (eds), Household Economic Behaviors, Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Deaton A. (1989) Looking for boy-girl discrimination in household expenditure data, World Bank Economic Review
Dercon and Christiaensen (2011) Consumption risk, technology adoption and poverty traps - Evidence from Ethiopia, Journal of Development Economics vol.96, pp.159-173
De Vreyer, P. (2017), Measuring individual levels of consumption: a challenge for economic theory and data collection, Dialogue n°46 (
http://en.dial.ird.fr/content/view/full/46797)

Duflo (2012) Women Empowerment and Economic Development, Journal of Economic Literature, vol.L
Duflo and Udry (2004), Intrahousehold resource allocation in Cote d'Ivoire - Social norms, separate accounts and consumption choices, NBER WP 10498
Dunbar, Lewbel and Pendakur (2012) Children resources in collective households: Identification, Estimation, and an Application to Child Poverty in Malawi, American Economic Review
Fafchamps, Udry and Czukas (1998) Drought and saving in West Africa - are livestock a buffer stock, Journal of Development Economics, vol.55, n°2, pp.273-305
Haddad and Kanbur (1990) How serious is the neglect of intra household inequality, The Economic Journal
Jacoby and Skoufias (1997) Risk, financial markets and human capital in a developing country, RES, vol64, pp311-335
de Janvry, Fafchamps and Sadoulet (1991) Peasant household behaviour with missing markets - some paradoxes explained, The Economic Journal
Keats (2018) Women's schooling, fertility, and child health outcomes - Evidence from Uganda's free primary education program, JDE vol.135, pp.142-159
Lambert and Rossi (2016) Sons as widowhood insurance - evidence from Senegal, Journal of Development Economics.
Levi-Strauss, C. (2001), Productivité et condition humaine, Etudes Rurales, pp.129-144.
Ray, D. (1998) Development Economics, Princeton University Press
Rosenzweig M. (1988) Risk, Implicit Contracts and the Family in Rural Areas of Low Income Countries, The Economic Journal
Rosenzweig, Stark (1989) Consumption Smoothing, Migration, and Marriage - Evidence from Rural India, Journal of Political Economy, vol 97, pp905-926
Shaban (1987) Testing between competing models of sharecropping, Journal of Political Economy
Stark (2003), Tales of migration without wage differentials - Individual, family and community contexts, ZEF discussion paper on development policy n°73
Stiglitz and Weiss (1981) Credit rationing in markets with incomplete information, American Economic Review
Townsend (1994) Risk and Insurance in Village India, Econometrica, vol 62, n°3, pp539-591
Udry (1990) Credit markets in Northern Nigeria - Credit as Insurance in a Rural Economy, World Bank Economic Review, vol4, pp251-269
Udry (1995) Risk and Saving in Northern Nigeria, American Economic Review, vol85, pp1287-1300
Udry (1996), Gender, agricultural production and the theory of the household, Journal of Political Economy