This research project studies the underlying factors that influence the career choices of men and women in scientific fields and their connection to social and gender norms in Ghana.
The study focuses on students taking STEM courses at the University of Ghana. The specific research objectives are:
- The professional aspirations of women and men and the difference between them (if any).
- The social, cultural, economic, and political factors that influence the choices of women in scientific disciplines (and to what degree these factors are different for men).
- Gender differences in performance in scientific fields and whether or not academic performance affected career choices. Because of the challenges posed by COVID-19, the project’s data was collected via a Google Form.
A total of 251 students (53% men and 47% women) in STEM programs at the University of Ghana responded to the survey. They came from the engineering, math, statistics, actuarial sciences, biological sciences, and computer science departments. The researchers also conducted several in-depth interviews.